What is a Gasification Process? – Entrade Terminology Series

You would already have heard that Entrade’s power generator uses pelleted biomass and combined plastic materials to turn into electrical and thermal energy, which can be used to power up buildings, run industrial machines, and many others just as the power sources we all know now. But how did that happen? Through the process of “Gasification“. What is Gasification?

“Gasification is a partial oxidation process which converts coal, lignite, petcoke, biomass and various combustible wastes into syngas. Syngas can be used to produce electric power and a number of high value clean energy products such as chemicals, fertilizers, substitute (or synthetic) natural gas (SNG), hydrogen, steam, and transportation fuels.”

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“Gasification produces almost zero emissions and its non-hazardous by-products (nitrogen, argon, sulfur and slag) are very marketable. Furthermore, gasification plants use significantly less water than traditional coal-based plants and, using commercially proven technology, CO2 can be captured for storage, sold for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) or for enhanced coal bed methane (ECBM).”

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The core principle of ENTRADE’s gasification technique is a very high-temperature thermochemical conversion process converting solid carbons into H2+CO+CO2. Roughly speaking, Biomass has an empirical formula given by CH2O. Entrade’s two-stage combustion process begins by first producing the syngas which then gets burned in an engine cylinder driving the generator. Core benefits compared to a boiler-to-steam turbine, for example, are very high efficiency, even at small scale, and none of the smell or particle emissions that you would have from a direct combustion.

Renewable Energy and Gasification

Gasification process are originally invented around 180 years ago to turn coal into energy to power up industrial processes. With the global decision of promoting renewable energy to replace fossil fuel utilization, the process is now being re-directed to turn biomass and other sources of renewable energy into electricity and heating. 

Since 2006, the ENTRADE Labs at the Technical University in Graz (Austria) have been exploring ways to convert waste-streams into a natural gas replacement that can be used in most applications where natural gas or propane/butane is currently used.

What we have now is a base-load dependable, fully renewable, carbon negative power generator designed to replace diesel generators at a fraction of the cost. Units used in clusters are fully automated for a scalable, movable, reliable energy supply generated from existing waste or fuel from plants that can be planted locally. ENTRADE X is currently associated with actual, real-life projects in Africa, Asia, and Europe in addition to the development of our technology.

ENTRADE X combines biotechnology and engineering to create the way to convert many types of biomass to be useful as a source of electricity, cooling, or heating power, and even water distillation, and therefore could cover most of the World’s energy needs (for light, heating, cooking, transportation, and many other daily activities)!

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